Would you like to download our complete A-Z list of computer acronyms? Just click the image below.

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Award Winning IT Support in London   Cyber Security, Office 365, Exchange, Hosted Desktop, GDPR, Cyber Essentials, Cloud Computing, Remote SupportMAC – Media Access Control Address:  MAC is a type of communication protocol which provides channel access and addressing to control devices.  The technology enables multiple terminals to communicate with a shared medium network that provides multiple access.  The hardware which is used for MAC is known as a Media Access Controller.

MBPS – Megabits per Second:  MBPS refers to the speed of data being transferred over a network and is measured in megabits.  One megabit represents over one million bits which means the data transfer rate is one million bits per second.  This is right in between Kbps (kilobits per second) and GBps (gigabits per second).

MIDI – Musical Instrument Digital Interface:  MIDI is a standard protocol used to connect computers with musical instruments.  The protocol allows you to connect a music instrument to a computer to work with pitch, sequence recording, volume, tempos, musical notation, and other musical techniques.

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NFS – Network File System:  NFS is a file system protocol that allows an end user to access network files from a client computer.  When the protocol is implemented on a network, any device connected to the network can access and share files.

NIC – Network Interface Card:  A NIC is a hardware component which is embedded into a computer to provide the device with access to a network.  NICs operate on multiple queues for transmission and reception.  When data packets are received by the NIC, each packet is assigned to a specific queue to improve performance during data transmission.

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OEM – Original Equipment Manufacturer:  AN OEM is a company that manufactures a specific part for computers. For example, if your computer is equipped with an Intel processor but the computer make is Acer, Intel is the OEM for the Central Processing Unit (CPU).

OLE – Object Linking and Embedding:  OLE is a technology that allows the user to embed documents within an application for the purpose of editing.  OLE was created by Microsoft and is used to import different types of data and information from different applications.

OLED – Organic Light-Emitting Diode:  OLED is a technology that contains light emitting diodes that give off light via a current of electricity.  OLED technology is used in a variety of displays and does not require any backlighting.  The technology increases black levels and provides for a display construction that is much thinner than an LCD display.

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P2P – Peer-To-Peer:  P2P is a specific type of architecture which consists of applications designed to distribute workloads among peers.  Each peer is considered an equal contributor to the application on a peer-to-peer network.  An example of a P2P architecture was the file sharing system known as Napster, which allows members of the P2P to freely share files without the need for server coordination.

PC – Personal Computer:  PC is a term used to describe a computer designed to accommodate individual users.  A PC is operated directly and personally owned by the end user without any third party intervention.

PDF – Portable Document Format:  PDF is a universal document format used to transmit documents to any device with any type of operating system.  The primary purpose of PDF is to ensure documents can be read by the recipient in a fixed layout that ensures the document displays properly.

PNG – Portable Network Graphic:  PNG is a graphic format which serves as an alternative to the GIF image format.  The file contains raster graphics, is compatible with lossless data compression, and utilises 24-bit RGB colours and 32-bit RGBA colours in addition to grayscale images.

PPI – Pixels per Inch:  PPI is a method used to measure the resolution or pixel density of a digital image component such as a television screen or computer monitor.  PPI can also be used to measure the pixel density of a specific image file and uses vertical and horizontal density as part of the measurement.

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RAID – Redundant Array of Independent Disks:  RAID is method of backup storage that is comprised of multiple hard drive devices combined into a single unit for the purpose of data protection.  When data is backed up, it is distributed across multiple drives (also known as redundancy) so if one drive fails, the data can be accessed on an alternative disk drive.

RAM – Random Access Memory:  RAM is a computer component that stores data and applications that are frequently accessed by the user.  This allows data and applications to be accessed quickly and prevents the computer from having to go back to the hard drive to retrieve the requested information.

ROM – Read-Only Memory:  ROM refers to a type of data storage which is used by a computer or other device.  The term is commonly used as CD-ROM in which the data can be read on the disc but cannot be modified.

RTF – Rich Text Format:  RTF is a Microsoft document file format that can be opened using a variety of different word processing applications.  The format supports images and text style formatting which remains unchanged when viewed in an application other than Microsoft Word.

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