WHAT IS INTERNATIONAL INTERNET DAY?
International Internet Day is an annual celebration that commemorates a special day in the history of technology and communication, when the very first electronic message was transmitted from one remote computer to another.
WHO SENT THE FIRST ELECTRONIC MESSAGE AND WHEN?
The very first electronic message was sent by student programmer Charles S. Kline (also known as ‘Charley’) on October 29th 1969 at the University of California, Los Angeles.
Working under the supervision of Professor Leonard Kleinrock, Charley Kline successfully transmitted a message from a host computer (SDS Sigma 7) located in the computer science department at the UCLA , to another host computer (SDS 940) that was stationed at the Stanford Research Institute. These computers were two of four independent terminals that formed the ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network). The other two terminals that formed ARPANET were located in the University of California-Santa Barbara and the University of Utah.
WHAT MESSAGE WAS SENT?
Charley Kline sent a simple text message that contained the single word ‘login’. The original attempt to send the message wasn’t completely successful. Some of the letters were lost in translation and only the letter L and O were successfully transmitted because the system collapsed the transmission crashed. However, approx. 1 hour later, Kilne was able to successfully send the message in full.
“So I’m on the phone to SRI and I type the L and say, “OK I typed in L, you got that?” Bill Duvall, the guy at SRI, is watching his monitor and he has the L. I type the O. Got the O. Typed the G. “Wait a minute”, Bill says, “my system crashed. I’ll call you back”. Charley Kline. Quote taken from an interview with AOL Mail Bag.
WHAT IS THE ARPANET?
The ARPANET was the precursor of the internet. Originally funded by the Advanced Research Projects Agency within the US Department of Defense, the ARPANET was one of the very first electronic networks that implemented packet switching and TCP/IP. For a comprehensive history of ARPANET, visit the official Wikipedia page.
HAPPY INTERNATIONAL INTERNET DAY ON OCTOBER 29TH!
The internet has become an integral part of our personal and professional lives and it is hard to imagine what today’s world would be like without it. International Internet Day offers us the chance to celebrate the pioneers who contributed to building the internet and to reflect on how the internet has changed the world. Enjoy your internet day!
Internet Day official web page – http://www.theinternetday.com/
Who invested the internet? – http://www.computerhope.com/issues/ch001016.htm
Who is Charley Kline? – http://www.computerhope.com/people/charley_kline.htm
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